The Quebec And Ontario Transportation Co. Ltd.

Table of Contents

Title Page
The Editor's Notebook
Marine News
A Return Trip for Cibola and Corona
Hail To The Queen...
Sugar Boats
The Quebec And Ontario Transportation Co. Ltd.
Table of Illustrations

In order to be assured of a steady source for its newsprint, the Chicago Tribune established a paper mill at Thorold, Ontario, on the Welland Canal, and for this purpose, the Ontario Paper Co. Ltd. was incorporated on February 29th, 1912. It soon became evident that a transportation department could reduce the costs of carrying pulpwood to the mill and on January 22, 1914, the Ontario Transportation & Pulp Co. was incorporated as a wholly owned subsidiary of Ontario Paper. The name of this affiliate was changed in 1933 to the Quebec & Ontario Transportation Co. Ltd., Montreal.

The first CHICAGO TRIBUNE, destined to be sunk by enemy action, is outbound at Port Dalhousie, carrying an ad for one of her owner's publications on the side. Photo dated about 1925. Photo by J. H. Bascom
The first vessel operated by the company was the canal-sized ocean steamer HONOREVA which was chartered in 1914 for the run to Thorold with pulp. The vessel was later purchased by the company. During 1914 and 1915, newsprint was shipped from Thorold to Chicago by the ships of the Rutland Transit Co, which maintained a regular package-freight service between Ogdensburg, N. Y., and Lake Michigan ports. The arrangement came to an end in 1916 when the Rutland steamers were sold for salt water service.

In 1916, the company purchased the steel canaller, TOILER, along with the wooden steamers, MARY H. BOYCE, and LINDEN, and the wooden schooner barge, MIDDLESEX. At the same time, the steel freighter, CHARLES S. NEFF, was chartered. The 1893-built package freighter, GLENLYON, was briefly chartered from James Playfair of Midland in 1919 for the carriage of newsprint. Her capacity was 1704 tons of paper, but she took so long to load and unload that the charter was dropped after only a trip or two.

After World War I, the company began to place orders with British yards for steel canallers. No upper lake carriers were owned by the firm until late in 1939 when the first HERON BAY was acquired. A number of larger steamers have joined the fleet in the years since the end of the Second War.

NEW YORK NEWS (II) lays out a screen of sweet-smelling coal smoke above Lock 1 at Port Weller, April 16, 1955. Photo by J. H. Bascom
During World War II, in order to move newsprint from the Baie Comeau mill to New York City (via the St. Lawrence, the Erie Canal and the Hudson River), the barge canal type motorships BUCKEYE STATE, BADGER STATE and EMPIRE STATE were chartered, starting in 1942, from the Federal Motorship Corp. Sometimes the vessels went the entire route, while on other occasions they unloaded the newsprint into canal barges at Oswego. On the return from New York, the motorships usually carried bauxite ore to Port Alfred, Quebec, and this cargo helped overcome the charter costs. This awkward and expensive method of shipping newsprint resulted from the wartime prohibition of such direct shipments by salt water. Prior to the war, the company had handled newsprint cargoes from Baie Comeau to New York via the Atlantic Coast in chartered ocean vessels and its own salt water steamer, COLABEE.

The company has always moved much pulp to Thorold in chartered lake ships and this same arrangement has covered paper cargoes for Chicago. Some newsprint has also moved directly to New York in barge canal vessels.

The latest major corporate change came in 1962 when the Q & O established a new subsidiary, Comet Enterprises Ltd. of Hamilton, Bermuda, for the purpose of owning a number of older upper lakers acquired from American operators.

HERON BAY (I) is downbound at Little Rapids Cut, St. Mary's River, with a deckload of pulpwood in this June 20, 1958 view. Photo by J. H. Bascom
The company has always maintained its fleet very well and the ships present a very smart appearance. The hulls are black, the forecastles and cabins white, and the stacks buff with a black top and a red band below the black. Originally, the design included the letters "CT" (for Chicago Tribune) in white on the red band. This was later succeeded by "Q and O" in white, and still later by the interlocked letters "Q&O". Comet Enterprise vessels have a large white "C" on the red band,

We have listed the vessels in the company's fleet alphabetically according to the first name under which they served the firm. This is important since the duplication of names is not uncommon. All ships, unless otherwise specified, are steel-hulled, single-screw, steam-powered bulk carriers.


BADGER STATE, (a) FORDONIAN (26), (b) YUKONDOC (29), (c) GEORGIAN (33), (d) FORDONIAN (34). Can. 133077, U.S. 214598. Single-screw diesel package freighter. 1912 Clyde Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Port Glasgow. 250.0 x 42.0 x 23.6. Gross 2368, net 1905. Converted to steam power shortly after arrival on lakes. Requisitioned by Canadian government for salt water service 1915. Returned to C.S.L. 1918 but remained on salt water. Reconverted to diesel power 1922. Stranded on Lake Superior December 12, 1932 and abandoned to insurers. Salvaged by Sin Mac 1933 and repaired. Rebuilt 1934 as a barge canal type diesel bulk carrier at Ogdensburg, N.Y. Gross 1540, net 1118. Struck a submerged object and foundered in Gulf of Mexico, January 14 1946. Chartered by Q&O., 1942-45. Owners: 1) Canadian Interlake Line (Merchants Mutual Steamship Co., Montreal) (1912-13). 2) Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. (1913-21). 3) American Mediterranean Line (1921-26), (Chartered to Canada Atlantic Transit Co. 1923-25). 4) Paterson Steamships Ltd. (1926-29). 5) Northwest Steamships Ltd., Toronto (1929-32). 6) Sin Mac Lines Ltd (1933-34). 7) Federal Motorship Corp., Buffalo (1934-46).

BATE COMEAU (55), (b) JOSEPH MEDILL PATTERSON (67), (c) EXUMA SOUND. Can. 195611. Twin screw diesel. 1954 Atlantic Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Newport, Mon., Bill 3. 251.7 x 44.0 x 20.8. Gross 2300, net 1475. Sold off lakes for use in West Indies 1967. Owners: 1) Q&O (1954-67). 2) Shallow Draft Bulk Carriers Ltd., Nassau.

BLACK RIVER, (a) SIR ISAAC LOTHIAN BELL (37), (b) BLANCHE H. (49). U.S. 116741, Canadian 158269. Steel barge. 1896 F. W. Wheeler & Co., West Bay City, Mich., Hull 118. 366.0 x 45.1 x 21.5. Gross 3395, net 3003. Rebuilt as single-screw diesel bulk carrier 1952 by Port Weller Dry Docks Ltd. 373.0 x 44.6 x 21.5. Gross 3587, net 2483. Capacity 2100 cords pulp. Owners: 1) Bessemer Steamship Co. (l896-1901). 2) Pittsburgh Steamship Co. (1901-36). 3) Marine Iron & Shipbuilding Co. (John P. Geistman), Duluth (1936-37). 4) Pigeon River Timber Co., Fort William (1937-38). 5) Lakehead Transportation Co., Ltd. (1938-42). 6) Great Lakes Lumber & Shipping Co. Ltd., Fort William (1942-49). 7) Q&O. In service.

MARY H. BOYCE. U.S. 92033, Can. 140994. Wooden bulk carrier. 1888 Grand Haven, Mich. 181.4 x 34.2 x 13.7. Gross 932, net 839. Rebuilt 1892 and 1902. Gross 864, net 478. Capacity 430 cords pulp. Owned originally by S.H.Boyce, Grand Haven. Owned 1907 through 1912 by American Shipbuilding Co. Owned 1914 by F. W. Smith, Milwaukee. Sold 1916 to O.T.& P. Co. Sold 1922 to N.M. Paterson, Fort William. Burned 1928 at Fort William.

BUCKEYE STATE. U.S. 229778. Twin screw diesel barge canal bulk carrier. 1930 St. Lawrence Marine Repair Dock Corp., Ogdensburg, N.Y., Hull 2. 246.3 x 43.6 x 16.8. Gross 1473, net 1180. Removed from lake service during 1950's. Owners: 1) Federal Motorship Corp. (1930-49). 2) Buckeye Motorship Corp., N.Y. (1949-56). 3) Honduras Shipping Co. Honduras. Chartered by Q&O 1942-45.

CHICAGO TRIBUNE (1) (33), (b) THOROLD (II). Can. 146589. 1922 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend-on-Tyne. 250.0 x 42.10 x 19.4. Gross 1689, net 987. Capacity 1100 cords pulp. Requisitioned for salt water service 1940. Sailed for England June 1940 for coal trade Wales to France. Sunk by German aircraft on first cross-channel trip, August 22, 1940. 11 lives lost. Owners: 1) O.T.& P. Co. (1922-33). 2) Q&O (1933-40).

WILEY M. EGAN. U.S. 81143, Can. 111965. Wooden bulk carrier. 1887 Cleveland. 260.7 x 39.9 x 19.8. Gross 1667, net 1380. Built for W.M. Egan, Chicago, and operated by the "White Line," Milwaukee. Owned 1912 by the Pittsburgh & Erie Coal Co. Sold 1912 to Ontario & Quebec Navigation Co. (A. W. Hepburn), Picton. Absorbed 1914 by Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. Purchased in damaged condition 1918 by O.T. & P. Co. for use as dock at Shelter Bay, Quebec.

EMPIRE STATE. U.S. 228732. Twin screw diesel barge canal bulk carrier. 1929 St. Lawrence Marine Repair Dock Corp., Ogdensburg, N.Y., Hull 1. 244.5 x 43.5 x 14.7. Gross 1692, net 1355. Chartered by Q & O 1942-45. Removed from lake service during 1950's. Owners: 1) Federal Motorship Corp (1929-49). 2) Empire Motorship Corp., N.Y. (1949-?). Final disposition not known.

FRANQUELIN (1) (64), (b) PRINCE UNGAVA (67), (c) JEAN TALON. Can. 161593. Twin screw diesel. 1936 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle, Hull 1517. 251.3 x 43.9 x 20.2. Gross 2097, net 1597. Capacity 1360 cords pulp. Sailed for Montreal May 16, 1936. Owners: 1) Q&O (1936-64). 2) North Shore Shipping Ltd., Montreal (1964-67). 3) Desgagnes Navigation Co. Ltd.

FRANQUELIN (II), (a) GRIFFON (67). Can. 198009. Single screw diesel. 1955 Port Weller Dry Docks Ltd. 253.3 x 43.6 x 20.2. Gross 2292, net 1605. Lengthened 72.0 and deepened 5.6 by Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal, 1959. Lengthened 18.0 by same yard 1960. Gross 3542, net 2613. Owners: 1) Beaconsfield Steamships Ltd., Montreal, (1955-63). 2) Mohawk Navigation Co., Ltd., Montreal (1963-67). 3) Q&O. In service.

HERON BAY (I) (63), (a) AGAWA (I) (28), (b) ROBERT P. DURHAM (40), (d) FEDERAL HUSKY. Can. 111807. Steel barge. 1902 Collingwood Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Hull 2. Rebuilt as steamer 1907 at Collingwood. 377.0 x 46.1 x 22.1. Gross 3759, net 2468. Stranded December 7, 1927, on Advance Reef, Manitoulin Island. Abandoned to the insurers. Refloated June 3, 1928 and rebuilt at Collingwood. Gross 3525, net 2508. Used 1962-65 for salt storage at Baie Comeau, Quebec. Arrived at Bilbao, Spain, November 26, 1965, for scrapping. Owners: 1) Algoma Central & Hudson Bay Railway Co. (1902-27), 2) Reid Wrecking Co., Sarnia, (1928). 3) Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. (1928-29). 4) Arrow Steamships Ltd. (John E. Russell and Robert A. Campbell), Toronto, (1929-39). 5) Q&O (1939-62). 6) Federal Commerce & Navigation Co. Ltd., Montreal (1962-65). 7) Commonwealth Metal Ltd. (1965). 8) Cia. Espanol de Demolicione Naval (1965).

HERON BAY (II), (a) J. PIERPONT MORGAN (66). U.S. 203155, Can. 326398. 1906 Chicago Shipbuilding Co., Hull 68. 586.5 x 58.3 x 27.4. Gross 7709, net 6136. Owners: 1) Pittsburgh Steamship Co. (1906-65). 2) Comet Enterprises Ltd. In service,

HONOREVA. Br. 134700. 1913 Osborne, Graham & Co. Ltd., Sunderland. 240.0 x 36.0 x 20.0. Gross 1452, Chartered for lake and river service by O.T.& P. Co., 1914-16 from the Donald Steamship Co. Ltd. Purchased by O.T. & P. Co., August 17, 1916. Sold for salt water service August 24, 1916. Capacity 850 cords pulp.

LINDEN. U.S. 141370. Can. 141667. Wooden bulk carrier. 1895 Jenks Shipbuilding Co., Port Huron, Mich. 206.0 x 35.0 x 12.6. Gross 894, net 708. Capacity 571 cords pulp. Owned during early years by, among others, Charles S. Hebard & Co., and Henry McMorran. Purchased 1918 by O.T.& P. Co. Sold 1923 to R. Burns, Detroit. Burned Nov. 28, 1923, in Tawas Bay. Wreck removed 1930.

MANICOUAGAN (I) (51), (a) IMARI (31), (b) DELAWARE (43), (c) EMPIRE ROTHER (49),

(e) WASHINGTON TIMES HERALD (54), (f) MANITOULIN. Can. 149497. 1929 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Sunderland, Hull 1383. 252.8 x 43.4 x 17.8. Gross 1940. Scrapped at Port Dalhousie 1963. Owners: 1) St. Lawrence Steamships Ltd. (1929-43). 2) British Ministry of War Transport (1943-49). 3) Q & O (1949-62). 4) A. Newman & Co. St. Catharines (1962-63).

MANICOUAGAN (II) (55), (b) COL. ROBERT R. McCORMICK (67), (c) MONTAGU BAY. Can. 198000. Twin screw diesel. 1955 Atlantic Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Newport, Mon., Hull 4. 251.7 x 44.0 x 20.8. Gross 2313, net 1505. Sold off lakes for use in West Indies 1966. Owners; 1) Q&O (1955-66). 2) Shallow Draft Bulk Carriers Ltd., Nassau.

JOSEPH MEDILL. Can. 158031. Twin screw diesel. 1935 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend-on-Tyne. 251.2 x 43.9 x 20.2. Gross 2087, net 1607. Cleared Leith en route to Montreal and Toronto with 2784 tons Scotch anthracite coal August 10, 1935. Sighted in Atlantic August 17, 1935, but never seen again. All hands lost. Owners: 1) Q&O (1935).

MIDDLESEX (18), (b) WOODLANDS. U.S. 91307, Can. 138504. Wooden schooner barge. 1881 St. Clair, Mich. 184.0 x 32.5 x 12.3. Gross 618, net 578. Owned 1902 by Soper Lumber Co., Chicago; 1905 by J. A. Calbick & Co., Chicago; 1914 by Henry Brock, Cleveland. Purchased 1916 by O.T.& P. Co. Broke loose from tug in Rapide Plat, St. Lawrence River, and stranded 1918. Abandoned to insurers. Sold to Sin Mac Lines Ltd., Montreal, and salvaged. Rebuilt 1918 at Sorel. Retired during mid 1920's.

CHARLES S. NEFF (17), (b) SERPENTINE, (c) GABINO (25), (d) WESTON M. CARROLL (51), (e) SAN PEDRO. U.S. 127547. 1901 Jenks Shipbuilding Co., Port Huron, Mich. 200.0 x 38.0 x 11.6. Gross 992, net 800. Built for lumber trade for C.S. Neff, Milwaukee. Chartered 1916 by O.T.& P. Co. on assumption she could carry 1500 tons newsprint. Charter dropped when found capacity only 601 tons. Sold French and left lakes 1917. Sold Cuban after World War I. Sold 1925 to Buffalo Gravel Corp. and returned to lakes. Converted to sandsucker 1925. Gross 1069, net 871. Engines removed 1942. Towed to salt water and re-engined 1944. Lying idle at Norfolk by 1949. Sold Brazilian 1951 and allegedly still operating.

NEW YORK NEWS (I) (33), (b) SHELTER BAY (I) (58), (c) LABRADOC. Can. 146581. 1922 North of Ireland Shipbuilding Co. Ltd., Londonderry, Hull 101. 250.2 x 43.0 x 16.8. Gross 1670, net 970. Capacity 1100 cords pulp. Scrapped at Port Dalhousie 1961. Owners: 1) O.T.& P. Co. (1922-33). 2) Q&O (1933-58), 3) N.M.Paterson & Sons Ltd. (1958-61). 4) A.Newman & Co. Ltd., St. Catharines (1961).

NEW YORK NEWS (II) (62), (a) BELVOIR (I) (33), (c) BUCKPORT. Can. 148126. 1925 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Wallsend-on-Tyne, Hull 1269. 248.1 x 43.8 x 22.9. Gross 2310, net 1672. Originally purchased by company for newsprint service to New York City, but soon brought back to lake trade. Requisitioned by Canadian government August 1942 and operated by the U.S. Maritime Commission. Returned to Q&O 1943. Idle 1963-64. Scrapped 1965 at Montreal. Owners: 1) International Waterways Navigation Co. Ltd., Montreal (1925-33). 2) Q&O (1933-62). 3) Buckport Shipping Ltd., (James J. Buckler), Montreal (1962-65). 4) St. Lawrence Iron & Metal Ltd. (1965).

NEW YORK NEWS (III), (a) TECUMSEH (67). Can. 198025. Single screw diesel. 1956 Port Weller Dry Docks Ltd., Hull 19. 253.3 x 43.6 x 20.2. Gross 2293, net 1606. Lengthened 90.0 and deepened 5.6 by Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal (1950-60) Gross 3536, net 2607. Broke in two and sank while loading salt at Pugwash, N.S., July 18. 1967. Salvaged. Owners: 1) Beaconsfield Steamships Ltd. (1956-63). 2) Mohawk Navigation Co. Ltd. (1963-67). 3) Q&O. In service.

OUTARDE (I) (60), (a) BRULIN (40), (c) JAMES J. BUCKLER. Can. 148087. 1924 Palmer's Shipbuilding & Iron Co. Ltd., Hepburn-on-Tyne, Hull 949. 248.0 x 43.1 x 22.8. Gross 2241, net 1576. Capacity 1295 cords pulp, 2050 tons paper. Requisitioned by Canadian government 1942 and operated by U.S. Maritime Commission. Stranded near St. Pierre et Miquelon, Gulf of St. Lawrence, January 1943. Salvaged and returned to Q&O June 13, 1943. Stranded June 13, 1960, on Red Islet, St. Lawrence River, near mouth of Saguenay River. Sank during salvage operations June 16, 1960. Owners: 1) Montreal Forwarding Co. Ltd., (Lindsay Bros.), Montreal, (1924-39). 2) Q&O (1939-60). 3) Buckport Shipping Ltd., (1960).

OUTARDE (II), (a) ABRAHAM STEAM (15), (b) EDWARD N. SAUNDERS JR. (1) (31), (c) JOHN C. WILLIAMS (56), (d) MICHAEL K. TEWKSBURY (63), U.S. 202876, Can. 316354. 1906 Superior Shipbuilding Co., Superior, Wis., Hull 513. 525.0 x 55.0 x 31.0. Gross 6657, net 5140. Repossessed by the builder 1915 at time of dissolution of Hawgood fleet. Owners: 1) W. A. & A. H. Hawgood, Cleveland, (1906-11). 2) Commonwealth Steamship Co. (Hawgood), Cleveland (1911-15). 3) American Shipbuilding Co. (1915-18), (chartered 1916-17 to Calumet Transportation Co., M. A. Hanna & Co., Mgrs.). 4) Producers Steamship Co, (Hanna), (1918-31). 5) National Steel Corp., (Hanna), (1931-46). 6) Midland Steamship Line Inc., Cleveland (1946-62). 7) Comet Enterprises Ltd. In service.

PIC RIVER, (a) JAMES NASMYTH (37), (b) MERLE H. (49). U.S. 77231, Can. 158268. Steel barge. 1896 F. W. Wheeler & Co., West Bay City, Michigan, Hull 117. 366.0 x 44.1 x 22.0. Gross 3419, net 2979. Rebuilt 1924. Rebuilt as diesel bulk carrier 1953 by Port Weller Dry Docks Ltd. 373.0 x 44.6 x 22.1. 3569 gross, net 2479. Capacity 2100 cords pulp. Owners: 1) Bessemer Steamship Co. (1896-1901). 2) Pittsburgh Steamship Co. (1901-36). 3) Marine Iron & Shipbuilding Co. (John P. Geistman), Duluth, (1936-37) 4) Pigeon River Timber Co. (1937-38). 5) Lakehead Transportation Co. Ltd. (1938-42). 6) Great Lakes Lumber & Shipping Co. Ltd. (1942-49). 7) Q&O. In service.

ROCKY RIVER (53), (a) SATINLEAF (49), (c) FOUNDATION JOSEPHINE II. (d) NORTH STAR IV. Can. 173189. Wooden diesel tug. 1944 Everett Pacific Shipbuilding & Drydock Co., Everett Wash. 174.5 x 36.5 x 19.2. Gross 874, net 549. Built as U.S. Navy net tender. Brought to lakes 1947. Used by Q&O to tow barges PIC RIVER and BLACK RIVER. Later served as salvage tug on East Coast. Foundered in Hudson's Bay 1961. Owners: 1) U.S. Navy (1944-47). 2) Great Lakes Lumber & Shipping Co. Ltd. (1947-49). 3) Q&O (1949-53). 4) Foundation Maritime Ltd., Halifax (1953-?). 5) William Sumarah, Jr., Halifax (?-1961).

SHELTER BAY (II), (a) JAY C. MORSE (65) U.S. 204429, Can. 317136. 1907 American Shipbuilding Co., Cleveland, Hull 438. 532.0 x 58.0 x 31.0. Gross 6885, net 5325. Owners: 1) Interlake Steamship Co., (Pickands, Mather & Co.), (1907-65). 2) Comet Enterprises Ltd. In service.

THOROLD (I) (33), (b) CHICAGO TRIBUNE (II). Can. 160889. Single screw diesel. 1930 Earle's Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd., Hull, England, Hull 676. 253.3 x 43.7 x 21.1. Gross 2960, net 2344. Designed for carriage of newsprint and built with a raised trunk deck. Original Sulzer diesels replaced 1958 by 1944-built Fairbanks Morse diesels. Lengthened to 314.2 by Port Weller Dry Docks Ltd. 1962. Gross 3859, net 3055. Owners: 1) O.T.& P. Co. (1930-33). 2) Q&O. In service.

THOROLD (III), (a) CARMI A. THOMPSON (63). U.S. 215614, Can. 316353. 1917 American Shipbuilding Co.. Lorain, Hull 722. 525.0 x 58.0 x 31.0. Gross 7038, net 5658. Owners: 1) Producers Steamship Co., (M.A.Hanna & Co.), (1917-c.25). 2) National Steel Corp., (Hanna), (c. 1925-30). 3) Butler Steamship Co., (Midland Steamship Line Inc., Operator), Cleveland (1930-?). 4) Midland Steamship Line Inc. (?-1962). 5) Comet Enterprises Ltd. In service.

TOILER (19), (b) MAPLEHEATH. Can. 129767. Single screw diesel. 1911 Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd., Newcastle-on-Tyne, Hull 840. 255.4 x 42.5 x 17.3. Gross 1692, net 1036. Capacity 1000 cords pulp. Built on speculation. Sold and brought to lakes 1912. Stranded at Cardinal, St. Lawrence River, May 24 1912. Salvaged. Rebuilt winter 1912-13 by Kingston Dry Dock Co. Ltd., and 400 h.p. diesel replaced by used triple expansion steam machinery. Re-engined again at Kingston 1929 and fitted with 1903 triple expansion steam engines from SIMLA. Cut down to salvage lightering barge 1960. Owners: 1) Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd. (1911-12). 2) James Richardson, (J. Playfair, Operator), Kingston (1912-140. 3) James Playfair, Midland, (1914-16). 4) O.T. & P. Co. (1916-18). 5) Canada Steamship lines Ltd. (1918-60). 6) McAllister Towing Co. Ltd. (later McAllister-Pyke Salvage Ltd.)

The company has, over the years, chartered a number of salt water carriers for the delivery of newsprint on the Atlantic seaboard. The concern has owned, through a U.S. subsidiary, the Illinois Atlantic Co., at least one vessel of this type,

COLABEE,(a) PAGASSET (37). U.S. 220710. 1920 Atlantic Corp., Portsmouth, N.H. 410.5 x 54.2 x 27.0. Gross 5617, net 4019. Capacity 5100 tons newsprint. Originally built for U. S. Maritime Commission. Purchased by Illinois Atlantic; Co. May 1940. Requisitioned by U.S. Maritime Commission for war service January 1942. Torpedoed off Cuba, March 12, 1942, but not sunk. Towed to Tampa, Florida, for repairs. Returned to I. A. Co. at end of war. Sold June 28, 1950, to San Francisco owners.

We wish to acknowledge "Trees to News" by Carl Wiegman (1953), a history of the Ontario Paper Company, as a source for some of the details on the corporate history and the operations of the company's vessels.

In order to save space in our listing of owners, we have abbreviated the references to the Ontario Paper fleets. The references to Q&O will be obvious. O.T. & P. Co. refers to the Ontario Transportation & Pulp Co. A complete listing of owners for some of the older vessels is not available and we have, therefore, abandoned the numerical listing in these instances. We have not included chartered vessels such as GLENLYON and many subsequent ships that have been chartered in the course of their regular runs.



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