In the last few years, the old familiar steamers have been disappearing from the lakes at an ever-accelerating rate, these veterans being the victims of accident damage, economic conditions, or just plain old age. Perhaps the most surprising retirement of recent times is that of THORNHILL, a 70-year-old bulk carrier owned by Upper Lakes Shipping Ltd. THORNHILL was, of course, the former ISHPEMING of the Cleveland-Cliffs Steamship Company and was built in 1906 at Ecorse by the Great Lakes Engineering Works. The vessel measured 552 feet in length overall and was repowered in 1951. ISHPEMING and her sistership LaSALLE were sold to Upper Lakes in 1966 and at that time were renamed THORNHILL and MEAFORD respectively. They were good vessels for the Upper Lakes fleet, particularly because of their new power and the fact that their small size allowed them to get into some of the smaller docks around the lakes. In fact, just a few years ago, THORNHILL was given extra bulkheads in her holds to make her more suitable for carrying split cargoes to ports such as Goderich.
Another lake boat to be scrapped at Hamilton is the diminutive tanker RIVERSHELL which had been idle at Toronto since the cessation of her unsuccessful bunkering service at Sarnia. RIVERSHELL spent the early part of the season in her usual winter lay-up position on the west wall of Toronto's turning basin, alongside CAPE and COVE TRANSPORT, but during the second week of June she was towed to Hamilton and is currently resting at Strathearne Terminals where demolition work has begun. Her owner, Johnstone Shipping Ltd., has no ships operational during 1976. Their other ship, CONGAR (II), is presently laid up at Toronto and has been stripped of some of her navigational equipment. It appears that she, also, will soon be dismantled.
The U.S. Steel Great Lakes Fleet continues to divest itself of the older steamers of the fleet which were, for so many years, so familiar around the lakes. The latest to go for scrapping are HENRY PHIPPS and WILLIAM J. FILBERT, the former having been inactive since the close of the 1974 season and the latter for a somewhat longer period. Prior to their sale for scrapping, efforts were made by the Escanaba Towing Company to obtain the two ships for use as barges to haul stone from Kelley's Island to Buffalo, but negotiations to this end did not reach fruition and the two steamers will be broken up at Duluth by Hyman Michaels. They were scheduled to be towed around to the scrapping berth in late July. Meanwhile, the fleet is also taking steps to dispose of three more vessels, these being THOMAS F. COLE, ALVA C. DINKEY and PETER A. B. WIDENER. These three are at present being stripped of useful equipment which is to be sent to the warehouse at Sault Ste. Marie, whereupon the ships will be turned over to Hyman Michaels for dismantling.
Scrapping operations are proceeding at Ramey's Bend on the remains of the BoCo self-unloader HENNEPIN. The work is, however, progressing very slowly and only the stern section of the steamer is still in one piece.
Still on the subject of scrappings, readers will recall that the Cleveland Tankers Inc. motorvessel VENUS was at last report languishing in Ashtabula harbour where scrapping operations were in progress. We can report that by the Victoria Day weekend in May, when one of our spies went looking for her, the only evidence left of the ship was a few pieces of steel lying on the dock.
Both ST. LAWRENCE NAVIGATOR and ST. LAWRENCE PROSPECTOR, the stemwinder motorvessels purchased last year by Leitch Transport Ltd., have paid visits to Toronto this year. The PROSPECTOR arrived in Toronto on April 15th and laid up alongside the east wall of the turning basin where she was subsequently sandblasted from stem to stern and repainted in the normal Upper Lakes Shipping Ltd. colours. The only difference in the paint scheme is that her funnel, instead of the white diamond, carries the silhouette in black of an elephant, this being the new design adopted for Leitch Transport vessels. The job completed, PROSPECTOR cleared port on Kay 18th. The NAVIGATOR, looking even rustier than had her sister earlier, arrived at Toronto on June 8 and proceeded to lay up in exactly the same spot. She got the same treatment with the exception that her cabins were half-painted a yellow colour, and she left port on June 26.
ST. LAWRENCE NAVIGATOR paid a second visit to Toronto this season, arriving in port on Civic Holiday, August 2nd, and proceeding to the east wall of the turning basin. She arrived from Lorain, Ohio, and was brought here for repairs to her bow. It was noted on her arrival that her bow plating showed evidence of a rather severe collision with something, probably a dock wall. We have heard no official explanation of how the damage occurred.
The Ocean Services Division of Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. is expanding the scope of its operations. The former FORT CHAMBLY is now being operated under the name CHAMBLY (not CHAMBLY ERA as previously reported) between New York and Nigeria carrying automobiles and trucks. In mid-July the small package freighter ESKIMO was placed on the same service, for which she was re-registered in Bermuda. In their new trade, both ships are loading and unloading through their side ports and CHAMBLY, which had previously had her side gangways welded closed for the salt water break-bulk freight service, has now had her ports opened up again. We rather doubt that we will ever again see either CHAMBLY or ESKIMO in lake service.
Meanwhile, C.S.L. has operated the lake package freight service using FORT HENRY, FORT YORK and FORT WILLIAM. The ships appear to have been running with reasonably good loads and we have heard no more nasty rumours about the discontinuation of service.
The wreck of the EDMUND FITZGERALD was located on May 20th by the CURV III submersible which had been flown in by the United States Coast Guard for the occasion. Television film footage taken by the machine and shown to the public on news broadcasts quite clearly showed the name and port of registry on the stern of the sunken hull, leaving no doubt as to its identity. The FITZGERALD is broken into three sections, the bow and midbody being upright but the stern resting upside down amidst a pile of spilled taconite pellets. The fact that the three sections are close together on the bottom would indicate that the ship broke when she hit the bottom and not while she was on the surface, else one or more of the sections would have moved farther away before sinking. This certainly means that the ship did not sink due to normal wave action alone and thus the end for the boat and her crew must have been unspeakably violent and unexpected. The damage to one of the ship's lifeboats, now on display at the Michigan Soo, seems to indicate that it was struck by the FITZGERALD'S propellor as the boat sank and if this is indeed how one end of the lifeboat came to be sliced away, then it is evident that the FITZGERALD'S engines were still running as she made the plunge to the bottom.
The official enquiry is continuing. By the way, readers will recall that shortly after the accident, some public officials were making noises to the effect that the boats from the Soo base of the U.S. Coast Guard should have been rushed to the accident scene immediately. We have learned that this would have been completely impossible as the base is located below the locks which were closed at the time of the accident due to the fact that the force of the storm had caused a rise in the water level in the upper St. Mary's River, a rise that put the water right over the pavement on Portage Avenue!
The first of two tankers under construction at Marine Industries Ltd., Sorel, for Gulf Canada Ltd. was christened GULF GATINEAU on July 10th. She is now painted a bright red colour, not unlike that of the Branch Lines tankers, and should be in service very shortly. The second tanker, which will be named GULF McKENZIE, is scheduled to be delivered in 1977.
The latest ship to be delivered from the Sturgeon Bay yard of Bay Shipbuilding (excluding JOSEPH L. BLOCK which was still in the yard at the time of this writing) is ST. CLAIR, a 770-foot self-unloading box built to the order of Boland and Cornelius. She is undoubtedly a most efficient carrier but we must say that she is the ugliest laker yet produced. She carries no raised forecastle at all and about the only curved surface observable is the fully-rounded bow. The stern is completely square and there is no sheer at all. The cabin aft is even squarer and less "shapely" than than that of CHARLES E. WILSON or H. LEE WHITE. ST. CLAIR entered service during May.
The Bay Shipbuilding Company, despite the ugliness of its products, is managing to attract enough orders for its Sturgeon Bay yard to remain busy for many years to come. The yard has received an order for another 630-foot self-unloader for the American Steamship Company, the vessel to be similar to SAM LAUD which entered service in 1975. This order is in addition to many other orders which are already on the yard's books for delivery during the next few years. The BoCo vessel will be constructed as Bay Shipbuilding Hull 721.
BoCo, meanwhile, seems to be having hard luck with its new self-unloaders, and with the little SAM LAUD in particular. Shortly after entering service last summer, the LAUD was involved in a serious grounding and spent much of the year in the Sturgeon Bay shipyard. Early in July of this year, she was involved in another grounding incident and by July 11 she was reposing in the shipyard at Lorain where she was due to undergo repairs allegedly costing about $1,000,000. Meanwhile, BoCo's H. LEE WHITE hit the dock at the Algoma Steel plant at Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, on July 10 and was sent to Sturgeon Bay for repairs.
One major renaming has recently been announced, and that by the American Steamship Company which has long been known for its propensity to shift names around its various boats. This case, however, is different, for it involves only one change. The 1917-built motorvessel DIAMOND ALKALI has been given the name BUFFALO in honour of the line's home port.
It appears now that all of the vessels of the Quebec and Ontario Transportation Company Ltd. have received their new stack design and that gone forever is that horrible combination of green, white and blue which turned so many stomachs during 1975. All of the company's boats now have black funnels with two narrow blue bands between which is a wide white band. On the white band appears in blue the misshapen excuse for a spruce tree which is supposed to represent the operations of the parent Ontario Paper Company.
We are still hearing reports to the effect that a Canadian vessel operator has been looking at IRVIN L. CLYMER, the idle "Bradley" self-unloader, with a view to restoring her to service. There seems to be some question as to whether her condition warrants the expenditure required to purchase her and complete the repairs necessary to put her in fit condition for operation.
The former Chesapeake and Ohio railroad carferry PERE MARQUETTE 21 which, cut down to a barge, has been lying at Sorel, has now been renamed (b) ESGRAN and has had her registry changed from Chicago to Panama, R.P. It is not known to what use the rather sad-looking hull will now be put.
Another vessel currently lying at Sorel is the former St. Lawrence River ferry LOUIS JOLLIET which was in late spring towed from her resting place at Louiseville, Quebec, to the Marine Industries shipyard. As yet, our spies have been unable to determine the reason for this move although it does not appear that scrapping is the motive for the shift.
Lake Ontario's newest cruise ship, CAYUGA II, arrived in Toronto on June 10th, her arrival from Summerstown being delayed somewhat from earlier plans. The ship was christened at Toronto on June 14 and that day a special trip out into the lake was run for the benefit of invited guests. CAYUGA II was put in regular service on June 16, making two trips a day between Toronto and Niagara-on-the-Lake. Fare for the trip was set at $9.00. But the ship has encountered numerous problems, not the least of which is a noticeable lack of patronage. Perhaps people realized from looking at the boat that she was never really designed for service on the open waters of the lake where very rough conditions can be encountered. In addition, the boat has also suffered embarrassing engine problems and on only her third day of regular service sustained damage in a late-evening collision with the Niagara-on-the-Lake dock, an accident which caused injury to several passengers. In mid-July, a lack of customers forced the company to cut back to one sailing each way per day and in an effort to lure passengers to the boat the operators instituted evening moonlight trips around Toronto harbour. By the beginning of August, Niagara service was discontinued altogether and four sightseeing trips in Toronto Bay were operated daily. It remains to be seen whether the ship will operate through to the end of the summer season as the passengers are staying away in droves from the harbour tours.
Yet another passenger boat has been added to the fleet carrying passengers through the waters below Niagara Falls. The newest addition to the Maid of the Mist Steamboat Company Ltd. was christened (predictably) MAID OF THE MIST IV. She was launched early in June at Wheatley, Ontario, and entered service on the first weekend in June. She is much similar in appearance to the other boats of the famous line.
Meanwhile, the other new steamer, W. F. WHITE, was somewhat belatedly towed down the Welland Canal on Monday, May 10, arriving at Toronto the following day. Her trip down the lakes from Duluth had been delayed by inclement weather. The tugs accompanying the vessel were JOHN McLEAN, GEORGIA and OKLAHOMA. Once in Toronto, Herb Fraser and Associates commenced the job of converting the vessel to burn oil fuel and the WHITE had to be refitted at considerable length as much of her navigational equipment had been stripped out in preparation for her anticipated scrapping at Duluth. She was completely painted in Reoch colours (with the 'D') and her new name of ERINDALE was painted on her hull. A surprise move was the removal of the cowl part way up the funnel, an experiment with which the Pittsburgh Steamship Company had dabbled some years ago but which apparently was not as successful as might have been hoped in increasing funnel draft. ERINDALE cleared Toronto on June 30th and later was put on the drydock at Port Weller for inspection and survey as well as for certain repairs which were necessary. The ship experienced some engine problems shortly after entering service but these have since been cured and ERINDALE is now operating regularly on the Lake Ontario stone run.
In our last issue we speculated upon the possibility that Reoch might have traded AVONDALE for W. F. WHITE, with the former heading up the lakes to Duluth to take the place of the latter in the scrapping line at the Hyman Michaels yard. It now appears, however, that our speculation did not hit the mark. AVONDALE was sold late in April to Marine Salvage Ltd. for scrapping and, although she was pumped out (readers will recall that she had settled by the bow and had taken on a very severe list during the spring), she remains on the west side of the old canal between Humberstone and Dain City, just astern of PETER ROBERTSON. It is not known at present whether she will be scrapped at Ramey's Bend or whether she will be sent overseas.
Elsewhere in this issue, readers will find a detailed report of the entry into service of the rebuilt sidewheel ferry TRILLIUM. But TRILLIUM's near-sister BLUEBELL of 1906 has also been in the news recently. Cut down to a barge twenty years ago and having spent most of the intervening time languishing in Lighthouse Pond on Toronto Island, it had been rumoured last year that BLUEBELL would be used as a breakwater at the Bluffer's Park project now taking shape at the foot of the Scarborough Bluffs east of the city. Then earlier this year the story was making the rounds that BLUEBELL was to be used as a breakwater in the Ashbridge's Bay area. Now we understand that the current owners of the vessel, the Metropolitan Toronto and Region Conservation Authority, have been approached by the Harbour City Yacht Club which would like to lease the hull for at least five years, the idea being to place BLUEBELL at the Humber Bay landfill site and build upon her clubhouse and lounge facilities for the use of members of the new club. The project stands a good chance of being approved by the Authority but, in the meantime, BLUEBELL is resting in the future Aquatic Park area just inside the tip of the eastern headland. On a recent TRILLIUM charter by local and out-of-town ship fans (the S.S.H.S.A. meeting), the vessel went out the Eastern Gap and passengers were given a chance to see BLUEBELL in her present state of decrepitude. We overheard many remarks about how nice it would be to have BLUEBELL back in service as well. Now, if only there were some engines in her as a start.......
The steam ferry LAVIOLETTE, whose exploits we have been following for many months now as she wends her way into the lakes from the American east coast, has actually made it to the waters of Lake Ontario. Readers will recall that the steamer spent the winter at Sorel. She left the latter port on May l4th in tow of the Hamilton tugs ARGUE MARTIN and LAC MANITOBA. She was brought to Hamilton where, we understand, efforts will be made to ready her for lake excursion service. Needless to say, she looks somewhat down-at-the-heels at the moment and much work will be necessary to get her fit for operation. We will watch with interest to see whether she is finally taken to Sarnia for service as originally planned or whether she will remain on Lake Ontario.
Many of the U.S. vessels sailing the lakes are carrying new colours this year. A number of major American operators have decided to honour the American Bicentennial by painting patriotic designs on their ships and the result has been a photographer's paradise. Notable amongst such operators is U.S. Steel which has put red, white and blue stripes on the bows of all its boats. Most of the line's units also carry assorted blue and red stars on the forecastle and on the pilothouse dodger while some have other designs such as flags, dates and Bicentennial messages on pilothouses, after cabin rails and hatch cranes. One vessel, ARTHUR M. ANDERSON, has a ring of blue stars around the funnel while ENDERS M. VOORHEES and HOMER D. WILLIAMS both carry crossed flags on their stacks. Vessels of other lines also have assorted stars, stripes, flags, eagles and Bicentennial dates on them. Amongst the most impressively decorated are MEDUSA CHALLENGER, WILLIS B. BOYER (with decorations on all levels of her triple-deck bridge structure) and JOHNSTOWN (with, in addition to assorted stars, etc., the portraits of three famous presidents on each side of the texas cabin). Inland Steel's WILFRED SYKES and EDWARD L. RYERSON are also well decorated as is Hanna's ERNEST T. WEIR.
U.S. Steel's self-unloader JOHN G. MUNSON has gone back into service this year following her lengthening, Fraser Shipyards having done their usual excellent job. For a while it had been thought that the ship would be painted red when she was recommissioned but this is not the case. She still has the grey hull typical of the "Bradley" boats.
There is no salt-water cruise service into the Great Lakes this year. Midwest Cruises Inc. of Indianapolis was unable to secure the services of LOWELL THOMAS EXPLORER as she was trapped in Finnish waters by a seamen's strike. However, Midwest announced late in June that the firm was in the process of acquiring another vessel of approximately 3,000 tons, the idea being that the ship would be brought to the lakes late in 1976 and refurbished over the winter at a lake shipyard. She would enter service in May with a series of cruises from Montreal to Windsor and way ports, these trips to be run in May, June and October. In July and August she would make several trips from Montreal to Lake Superior and during July, August and September her regular route would be from Montreal to Windsor with a sidetrip up the Saguenay River. September and October would see a series of Saguenay trips with service as far east as St. Pierre and Miquelon. Midwest has not yet given a hint as to the identity of the boat to be used during 1977 but it is to be assumed that it will not be LOWELL THOMAS EXPLORER.
IMPERIAL LONDON has spent the 1976 season lying at the company's wharf in Sarnia and it appears evident that Imperial Oil has not reconsidered its decision to retire the tanker from active service. Meanwhile, IMPERIAL SARNIA and IMPERIAL COLLINGWOOD have been taking care of the company's lake shipping needs without assistance from the fleet's salt water ships. We have heard reports that IMPERIAL LONDON has already been sold for scrapping but these reports are as yet unconfirmed.
A number of Canadian operators have sent their ships into the Arctic this summer, most of the trips having been made by small coastal carriers. But Branch Lines Ltd. have sent EDOUARD SIMARD, JOS. SIMARD, LEON SIMARD, LUDGER SIMARD and MAPLEBRANCH northwards with cargoes of diesel fuel, while Halco's FROBISHER TRANSPORT has travelled to Barrow Strait, west of Lancaster Sound, with a cargo of icebreaker fuel.
Canadian National Railways has cut down to a barge its steam carferry SCOTIA II which has been held in reserve for a number of years at Sarnia. The work, done at the old C.S.L. dock in Point Edward and at Sarnia's Government Dock, will allow the vessel to be pushed by either MARGARET YORKE or PHYLLIS YORKE. She will carry oversize railway cars as currently does ST. CLAIR. The SCOTIA II never operated at Sarnia under her own power and only on very few occasions did she operate at her previous station on the Windsor to Detroit carferry route. The sawmill-stacked vessel was the last self-propelled river carferry left on the lakes prior to her conversion.
Another vessel has been added to the fleet of Leitch Transport Ltd. The company has purchased the turbine-powered bulk carrier ORE TRANSPORT from Universe Tank Ships Inc. of New York for a figure of "something less than five million dollars". ORE TRANSPORT was built in Japan in 1954 and was registered at 70,792 tons deadweight. She has been renamed CANADIAN TRANSPORT by her new owner and will be used chiefly to carry ilmenite ore from Havre St. Pierre to Sorel and iron ore from Pointe Noire and Sept Iles to Contrecoeur and Sydney. CANADIAN TRANSPORT is, of course, too large to transit the St. Lawrence canals and we will not see her in the lakes.
When the Hall Corporation's motorship NORTHCLIFFE HALL was sold off the lakes a few years ago, very few observers would have thought that she would ever return to Canadian waters. But that is exactly what has happened. The vessel was renamed NORTHCLIFFE and has since become TRANSCARIBE for the Tara Corp. of Nassau, but in June she was bought by the Group Desgagnes Inc. of Pointe-au-Pic, Quebec, an operator of small coastal vessels, some of which have seen service into the lakes. Desgagnes has had TRANSCARIBE refitted at Houston and about $200,000 was spent to put the ship into condition for service on the east coast and Gulf of St. Lawrence as well as up to Arctic regions. There also seems to be the possibility that the ship may eventually see service on the new route between Oshawa and Newfoundland in which the Desgagnes organization is participating. NORTHCLIFFE HALL was built in 1951 at Montreal as a canaller and was originally named FRANKCLIFFE HALL (I). She was subsequently lengthened after the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway.
The Huron Cement Division, National Gypsum Company, fitted out all of its vessels this spring with the exception of the coal-fired steamer LEWIS G. HARRIMAN. The HARRIMAN wintered at Green Bay, Wisconsin, and during June was towed by Selvick tugs to Superior where she is presently serving as a cement storage hull in much the same manner as did SAMUEL MITCHELL for a number of years. It seems unlikely that HARRIMAN will see further operation as a self-propelled unit.
The Kinsman steamer MERLE M. McCURDY has been placed back in service and her reactivation brings to nine the number of vessels which Kinsman now has in service. It was not thought that McCURDY would see any service this year but she was fitted out late in July.
William W. Stender, a Bay City, Michigan, contractor, has sold his 1949-built diesel tug WILLIAM W. STENDER to the Hannah Inland Waterways Corporation of Lemont, Illinois. We presume that the tug will be renamed but have received no word as to what her new name might be.
THOMAS F. PATTON, which did not operate during 1975 or the spring of 1976, was reactivated by the Cleveland-Cliffs Steamship Company in July to replace WALTER A. STERLING which went to Lorain for lengthening during the early summer. Cliffs, meanwhile, has returned to service EDWARD B. GREENE which received a new midbody during June. The GREENE encountered problems on her first trip when she suffered a crack in her hull aft, but she was returned to the shipyard where the damage was repaired and she has since re-entered service. The GREENE's new length overall is 767 feet.
Earlier this year we noted in these pages that Pickands Mather and Company was closing its DeTour coal bunkering dock, long a stopping place for vessels transitting the St. Mary's River. Early in the summer, P.M. dispatched its self-unloader HERBERT C. JACKSON to the DeTour dock and much of the coal remaining at the facility was loaded aboard the ship for delivery upriver to the Lime Island bunkering dock which continues to operate. U.S. Steel boats also used the DeTour dock and that company sent its self-unloader GEORGE A. SLOAN to DeTour to remove the remaining coal which was delivered to Rogers City.
The Gaelic Tug Boat Company of Grosse Ile, Michigan, purchased in 1975 the steam tug WM. A. WHITNEY which had lain idle at Duluth for many years. The steam machinery was removed from the tug in preparation for a conversion to diesel power but it appears that this conversion will not be completed, at least not by her present owners. In an effort to make the tug's hull sound, the company had proposed the welding of the WHITNEY's riveted seams but this process was forbidden by the American Bureau of Shipping and accordingly Gaelic has let it be known that the tug is for sale on an "as is, where is" basis.
Observers who have seen the Litton tug-barge combination PRESQUE ISLE during the summer months will have noticed that she now sports a rather strange shield mounted over the forecastle rail. Looking somewhat like the side of an umbrella protruding out over the rail, the shield was installed during an early-summer drydocking at Lorain in order to keep large quantities of ice from forming on the vessel's bow. Incidentally, when the vessel was put on the dock, it was found necessary to remove the tug from the stern of the barge so that certain repairs could be done. This was the first time that such a separation had been made since the vessel entered service. In order to clear up a popular misconception about this vessel, we might mention that in no way is PRESQUE ISLE chartered to United States Steel. Instead, she is simply on a five-year contract to carry U.S.S. ore. Operation of the ship is handled by Litton Industries direct.
Clarke Transportation Ltd. has called for tenders for the construction of a 10,000-ton vessel to carry containers and ro-ro cargo for Clarke's subsidiary Newfoundland Steamships Ltd. which operates a service from Montreal to St. John's and Corner Brook. The new vessel is to be equipped with an angled stern ramp to facilitate the movement of cargo without the aid of shore-mounted apparatus. The letting of the contract is conditional upon the completion of negotiations with the federal government for an increase in operating subsidies, but it is hoped that the new ship can be ready by the end of 1977 at which time Clarke's charter of the C.S.L. package freighter FORT ST. LOUIS will be at an end.
After almost four years of idleness at the Government Dock at Sarnia, the canal motortanker INLAND TRANSPORT has been towed to Port Dover by her present owner, Harry Gamble. The veteran tanker, which was retired at the end of the 1972 season as a result of a grounding which led to the weeping of oil through her seams, was towed from Sarnia on July 4th by the McQueen tug ATOMIC. It is not clear to what purpose INLAND TRANSPORT will be put, but it hardly seems as though she is fit for anything but scrapping. She was thoroughly vandalized while at Sarnia and is a sorry sight indeed.
The former Hanna steamer NATIONAL TRADER, which earlier was sold to Western Metals of Thunder Bay for scrapping, was towed up through the Soo Canal on July 10 en route to Thunder Bay from South Chicago. The tow was handled by the McLean tug WILFRED M. COHEN and this was her first job, having only recently emerged from her conversion for lake service. (The COHEN was originally a steam tug and served for many years on the east coast as A. T. LOWMASTER.) Problems with the tow developed in the St. Mary's River and tug and barge went to anchor for several days at the upper end of Lake Nicolet in the vicinity of Nine Mile Point. We might still hope that one of the lake vessel operators seeking additional tonnage might purchase NATIONAL TRADER for operation and save her from the wrecker's torch.
Two serious oil spills have occurred this season, one on the St. Lawrence River and one just outside Cleveland harbour. The Cleveland spill occurred on May 19 as the Gaelic Tug Boat Company's tug KINSALE and oil barge E-l7 were approaching the entrance to the Cuyahoga River. The tug began to shorten the towline when the line fouled KINSALE's propellor. KINSALE had to be aided by a nearby G-tug but before aid could be sent to the helpless barge, it drifted onto the rocky breakwater and holed itself. A good deal of oil seeped from the damaged tank and considerable damage was done to the shoreline by the No. 6 bunker oil as it came ashore.
The second accident occurred on June 23 when the barge NEPCO 140, in tow of the tug EILEEN C. and bound from Montreal to Oswego, struck a shoal just off Wellesley Island in the upper St. Lawrence above Alexandria Bay. The barge, owned by the New England Petroleum Company, was seriously holed and before precautions could be taken, a large quantity of oil had escaped, fouling shorelines for many miles downriver. Massive cleanup operations were put into effect as soon as possible, resulting in an interruption of vessel traffic in the area. It was feared that much damage had been done to local resort and wildlife areas.
The Interlake Steamship Company's 1000-foot self-unloading stemwinder JAMES R. BARKER is now in service. The vessel, built by the American Shipbuilding Company at Lorain, is typical of the modern lake bulk carrier, but her appearance is rather less objectionable than might have been expected. BARKER carries all cabins aft and her unloading boom is hinged just forward of the bridge. She has a square stern and rounded bow but an unusual feature is the outward and upward curve of the side plating around the forecastle. The ship set a new Great Lakes cargo record on her very first trip, clearing Taconite Harbor at 1:30 a.m. August 11th with 58,293 gross tons of pellets at a mean draft of 27'6 1/2". It is expected that the BARKER will be able to do even better as she becomes broken in to her duties.
Contrary to rumours which have been making the rounds recently, the second Interlake Steamship Company self-unloader which will follow JAMES R. BARKER from AmShip's Lorain yard will not be transferred to the Great Lakes Fleet of the United States Steel Corporation. Instead, AmShip will build another hull for U.S. Steel, presumably to follow the vessel which will be built for Hanna following completion of the second Interlake carrier.
Reproduced for the Web with the permission of the Toronto Marine Historical Society.