Niagara River

Table of Contents

Title Page
Harbours And Port
Toronto Harbour, Or Bay
The Port Of Liverpool, Or Pickering, Formerly Called Frenchman's Bay
Whitby Harbour
Port Darlington
Raby Head
Bond Head, Or Port Of Newcastle
Port Hope
Presqu'isle Harbour
Scotch Bonnet Lighthouse
Weller's Bay
Kingston Harbour
Sackett's Harbour
Port Ontario
Oswego Harbour
Little Sodus Bay
Big Sodus Bay
Genesee River
Oak Orchard Creek
Niagara River
Port Dalhousie
Port Of Hamilton & Burlington Canal
Port Credit
Wellington Square, And Nelson Or Bronte
Port Britain
Extract From "An Act To Compel Vessels To Carry A Light During The Night And To Make Sundry Provisions To Regulate The Navigation Of The Waters Of This Province." 14 & 15 Victoria, Chap. 126
Royal Humane Society's Directions for the Reocvery Of The Apparently Drowned
Table of Illustrations

Mouth of Niagara River
The waters from all the Upper Lakes, after coming over the falls of Niagara descend the river for about seven miles in a rapid and turbulent manner as far a Queenston; the stream there becomes wider and deeper, and admits of free navigation for vessels of any size, until it empties itself into Lake Ontario, at a point S. E. by S. of Toronto, 87 miles W. of the Genesee, and 12 miles to the eastward of Port Dalhousie.

At its mouth this river is about 1000 yards across, with from 20 to 40 feet water, and consequently it affords an easy entrance for shelter, and good anchorage during a storm.

The town of Niagara is a mile S. of Fort Mississauga, on its W. bank, where there are extensive wharves ; and the village of Youngstown, which is nearly opposite Niagara on the east side has also good wharves and accommodation for shipping.


The lighthouse is 78 feet high, and placed on the top of Fort Niagara, which is built on the E. side of the mouth of the river. It has a bright stationary light, which can be seen ten or twelve miles off.

On entering this river, keep near its centre, and bring Fort Niagara to bear S. E. by E. When W. or W. by S. of the Fort, the shores become bold, and may be approached to within a short distance, especially on the E. side.

With a northerly wind meeting the current, there is a short chopping sea on the bar.


Extending into the Lake for about a mile N. W. of Fort Niagara is a shoal with only six feet of water on it, and under Fort Mississauga on the W. bank there is another shoal, extending E. N. and N. W.


From Niagara River to Port Dalhousie, W. by S. 12 miles.

" " Burlington Canal, W. 1/2 N. 42 miles.

" " Oakville, W. N. W. 38 miles.

" " Toronto, N. W. by N. 35 miles

" " Cobourg, N. E. 80 miles.

" " Long Point, E. N. E. 126 miles,.

" " Mid Channel between Real and False Ducks, E. N. E. 1/2 E.


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electronic edition is based on the original in the collection of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston.