Capacious as are the basins, slips, and other parts of the harbour, they are even now barely sufficient for the accommodation of the numerous steamers, propellers, and schooners, which bring their valuable cargoes from all parts of the Upper Lakes to this busy and prosperous city.
The enterprising merchants and citizens of Oswego, aware of the insufficient accommodation afforded to the shipping visiting their port, are now engaged in devising plans for the enlargement and improvement of this important harbour: amongst these may be mentioned-
The river Oswego has its source very near the head of the Mohawk; it passes through Lake Oneida, and in its course to Lake Ontario receives the Seneca River, besides the waters of several less streams and many small lakes. The waters from these in the spring and fall of the year so greatly swell and increase its current, that sailing vessels are unable to stem it, except when favoured by a strong northerly breeze.
To obviate this difficulty, numerous small but powerful tug boats are constantly plying about the mouth of the harbour, and when a large and heavily laden schooner comes within a mile or so of the port, they run out, seize upon their helpless prey, and conduct it alongside the wharf or warehouse to which it may be consigned, with as much ease and precision as a carriage can be driven up to a street door.
There are no rocks or shoals to be feared in approaching this port; the only dangers consist in the very heavy sea, which rolls into the harbour during a westerly blow, and the want of room to manoeuvre or work a vessel when inside.
COURSES AND DISTANCES.
Return to Home Portelectronic edition is based on the original in the collection of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston.