Five miles N. E. by E. of this point will bring you abreast of the lighthouse, which is 67 feet high, and upon which there is a very good fixed bright light, that can be seen in fine weather from 12 to 15 miles.
When making this harbour in the day time, steer to within 1/2 or 3/4 of a mile S. by E. of the lighthouse ; thence N. by E. for a very large and solitary Pine Tree, which stands on the main land, some distance from the shore; (this object is so conspicuous as to render a mistake impossible;) continue this course for a mile and a quarter, or until the range lights (in the harbour) are brought into line ; then alter your course, and steer S. W. directly for the eastermost of the two lights.
At night, as the pine tree cannot so well be seen, steer N. by E. until the range lights are seen in line ; then change your course, steering directly for them, (that is S.W.) keeping within fifty yards N. of the point on which this range light is built, (or even nearer,) as there is from 18 to 22 feet water directly under it. Having passed this point, anchor in the little bay between the two range lights.
1. Between the main lighthouse on the S. E. point and the range light on the N. E. point, extending in a north-easterly direction for about 3/4 of a mile, is a shoal called the "Middle Ground," having only from 4 to 6 ft. water on it, and formed of coarse gravel, sand, and mud. Captain Halbutt, who has traded to this port for many years, told me, that when the Lake is high, he is in the habit of taking his schooner across this shoal, through a channel close to the two lights, his vessel, when laden, drawing 9 feet.
2. To the north of the lighthouse built on the N. E. point, running out from the main land, there is a low, marshy spit, destitute of timber, but easily recognised by a large dead Elm tree, bearing due N. of the lighthouse : from this point, extending west and south-west, there is another formidable shoal, upon which the Passport got ashore on 29th October, 1856.
3. W. N. W. of the second range light, there is another small shoal called,"Four Acre Shoal," nearly half a mile from the shore, but with plenty of water all round it. The existence of this shoal renders it hazardous at night to stretch too far into the bay beyond the second range light.
4. Two miles E. S. E. of the main lighthouse, there is a dangerous rocky shoal in the Lake, with only from 3 to 5 feet water upon it. It is to the eastward of the course steered from the lighthouse for the Scotch Bonnet; and one mile S. E. of this, again, there is another but smaller shoal.
Return to Home Portelectronic edition is based on the original in the collection of the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston.