Table of Contents

Title Page
Albion Macadams
Isaac MacDonald
Captain William S. Mack
The Lakewood Transportation Company
The Lake Erie Transportation Company
The Becker Barge Company
The Lakeland Transportation Company
Angus Mackay
Andrew Mackie
Captain John Maddock
Captain F. J. Magle
Richard Mahoney
J. F. Mahaney
Captain Michael Maher
Captain Albert Carrier Majo
Captain George B. Mallory
Herbert M. Mann
Peter Marcoux
S. O. Marsh
J. H. Marshall
Charles T. Martin
John Martin
Charles E. Mason
Captain John Mason
Captain Orlo J. Mason
William Masson
Irvine U. Masters
Main S. Masters
E. D. Masterson
Richard Mastin
Captain D. W. Matteson
Captain E. F. Matteson
Philip C. Mayer
Captain J. McArthur
M. McAuliffe
Burnard McCabe
Captain Frank McCabe
Frank I. McCabe
Captain Frank L. McCabe
Owen McCabe
P.B. McCabe
Hugh McCann
B. T. McCanna
John J. McCarthy
William J. McClure
Michael McCormick
Captain George A. McCoy
Walter McCrea
William T. McCullagh
Captain W. McCullouch
A. G. McDonald
Captain Angus J. McDonald
Captain Donald S. McDonald
F. McDonald
Murdock N. McDonald
William M. McDonald
Thomas J. McDonnell
Captain Alexander McDougall
Captain Jacob McDowell
Captain John McDowell
Captain Archibald McEachern
Captain Alex. McFarland
Captain Daniel McFarlane
Henry F. McGinnis
Captain L. Hugh McGowen
Captain William Markus McGrain
James McGrath
Captain Angus McGregor
Captain William F. McGregor
Christopher J. McGurn
M. G. McIntosh
Daniel C. McIntyre
Peter McIntyre
Captain William McKay
Captain A. McKenzie
Captain H. McKenzie
Captain James McKerrall
Captain Peter A. McKinnon
William McKittrick
A. H. McLachlan
Captain Dugald McLachlan
Captain Duncan McLachlan
Malcolm McLachlan
Captain John McLachlin
Joseph H. McLary
George McLaughlin
Captain Murdick McLean
Ronald McLean
Captain Daniel McLeod
Captain George A. McLeod
Captain George McLeod
Captain John C. McLeod
Captain Robert Rowan McLeod
A. McMinn
Captain George McMinn, Jr.
George McMonagle
Captain Alexander McMurray
John McMurray
Captain Robert J. McMurray
William J. McMurty
Captain Thomas McNaugh
Charles A. McPhail
Captain Alex McRae
John T. Mead
William Meade
Edward F. Meeh
Ernest A. Meeker
William Megarvey
Captain Thomas Meikleham
Captain George E. Merritt
John Metke
John L. Meyer
Halvor Michelson
Captain James W. Millen
August H. Miller
E.C. Miller
Frank A. Miller
Frank E. Miller
George A. Miller
Henry L. Miller
John Miller
John B. Miller
Quincy Miller
Stephen H. Miller
A. J. Millett
Captain Donald Milloy
Captain H. L. Mills
A. R. Milne
Alexander Milne
George B. Milne
George M. Milne
Philip J. Minch
Captain Charles R. Miner
Captain Frank Miner
Captain John Miner
Dell E. Miney
Captain Daniel Mitchell
Captain James B. Mitchell
James D. Mitchell
Captain John Mitchell
Captain John M. Mitchell
Mitchell & Co
Captain Adelbert J. Moffett
Captain Anthine Moisan
Willard A. Mondy
George Monro
W. F. Monroe
John Monson
Thomas Monson
Captain Charles Z. Montague
Captain Ed Montgomery
Captain Harry Montgomery
Captain Charles Edward Moody
Captain Edward Mooney
Captain J. E. Moony
Captain C. F. Moore
Captain Christopher A. Moore
Captain Hiram D. Moore
L. Ed. Moore
Captain Samuel Moore
Captain Truman Moore
Captain Bernard W. Morgan
C. A. Morgan
Captain James W. Morgan
Captain Julius Morgan
Captain M. F. Morgan
Alexander Morison
Captain Charles Tyler Morley
E. E. Morris
Captain G.C. Morris
Captain Warren E. Morris
Captain Angus G. Morrison
Louis Moss
Louis C. Moss
Captain Charles E. Motley
Captain George Moulton
Captain James Mowatt
Captain Matthew Mulholland
Luke Mullany
Captain John D. Mullen
Captain George Murchison
Captain Samuel Murdock
Captain Jeremiah Murphy
Captain John Murphy
Captain Stephen Maitland Murphy
Thomas Francis Murphy
Charles L. Murray
Stewart Murray
Captain Amos H. Myers
Frank H. Myers
Captain Hermann Myers
John H. Myers
Captain Patrick Myers
Table of Illustrations

Captain Alexander McDougall

Captain Alexander McDougall, inventor of the whaleback or monitor type of lake vessel, and founder of the American Steel Barge Company, at Duluth, is a man of great force of character and of rare ability as an executive. The head of the lakes, or in other terms Duluth and Superior, has been productive of many prosperous and substantial enterprises. Concerns which a few years ago were in their infancy or had passed a short time of weak existence, are to-day among the foremost in enterprise and prosperity, and their importance is recognized throughout the entire chain of lakes. The most prominent among these is the American Steel Barge Co., under the management of Captain McDougall. To have reached this prominence in the ship building industry with a wholly new type of vessel such as the monitor assuredly is in so short a time, required ability, perseverance, a consummate knowledge of business affairs, untiring energy, and, above all, unerring judgment. That these qualities were innate in the Captain is abundantly proven by his standing in the business world to-day. But for the tenacity of purpose and the unyielding determination which has been characteristic of all notable inventors, scores of prosperous manufacturing towns requiring the employment of vast numbers of skilled workmen, would not now be in existence. The cities of Duluth and Superior make a parallel. If Captain McDougall had not preserved his faith in the utility of his cigar-shaped vessels over a quarter of a century ago, and had not held to his convictions through all adverse criticism, the whaleback would not now have been an important factor in lake transportation, and it is possible that the denizens of those two cities would not have witnessed the launch of any class of vessel. Although the captain had conceived the design of his type of vessel as early as 1872, he had not been able to impart his confidence or accumulate sufficient funds to demonstrate the feasibility of his views until 1887, when his first barge 101 was launched, and her success as a seaworthy freight carrier soon determined the practicability of his theory. With a life-sized model in demonstration he was no longer considered a visionary, and in January, 1889, Eastern capitalists became interested in his invention, and the American Steel Barge Company was organized, a plant erected in Duluth and the construction of the whalebacks begun. Besides the other whalebacks constructed by this company, it owns thirty-five of all classes built on its own account, and one can more readily compute the value of this magnificent property when it is considered that they will carry 100,000 tons of cargo each trip, and making fifteen trips would move 1,500,000 tons during the season.

Captain McDougall first came on the lakes in 1861, and was made second mate of the passenger steamer Ironsides in 1863, plying to Lake Superior, and remained on her until July, 1865, when he transferred to the steamer Iron City as mate, holding that office until the spring of 1866, being then appointed mate to side-wheel steamer Illinois. His next office was mate on the steamer Meteor. In 1870 he was appointed master of the steamer Thomas A. Scott, holding that office until September, when he was transferred to the iron steamer Japan, which he brought out new, sailing her until the fall of 1875. The next spring he assumed command of the passenger steamer City of Duluth, operated by the Lake Superior and Lake Michigan Transportation Company, and sailed her successfully three years. In the spring of 1878 he was appointed master of the steamer Hiawatha, which office he held until 1881, when he retired from active ship life aboard and went into business in Duluth, and it was at this period that he perfected his plans for the production of the whaleback type of vessel, now so familiar on the lakes. He spent much time in travel on business lines in Europe, to secure his patents, the results of which may be read in another volume of this work. The only vessel which bears his name is the last addition to the fleet of the American Steel Barge Company, launched at their shipyard in West Superior in July, 1898, a whaleback in every way worthy of the honor of bearing the name of the inventor and promoter. This steamer was christened by his little daughter, Emmeline.

The family homestead is pleasantly situated in Duluth.


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Volume I

This version of Volume II is based, with permission, on the work of the great volunteers at the Marine Captains Biographies site. To them goes the credit for reorganizing the content into some coherent order. The biographies in the original volume are in essentially random order.

Some of the transcription work was also done by Brendon Baillod, who maintains an excellent guide to Great Lakes Shipwreck Research.