1. Normand Lafreniere, The Ottawa River Canal System (Studies in Archaeology Architecture and History Ottawa: National Historic Parks and Sites Branch, Parks Canada, 1984), pp. 23-25, 33. Over 40 years would pass before these three locks were enlarged.
2. Ibid., pp. 34-36. V. A. George, "The Rideau Corridor: The Effect of a Canal System on a Frontier Region, 1832-1895" (M.A. Thesis, Queen's University, 1972), p. 120. The Government canal was called Vaudreiul.
3. Edward Forbes Bush, Commercial Navigation on the Rideau Canal, 1832-1961 (National Parks & Sites Board, Parks Canada, Environment Canada, 1981), pp. 92-3. Province of Canada, Journals of the Legislative Assembly, 1841, Appendix E.E., sec. D.
5. Morning Courier (Montreal), 28 Oct., 31 Oct. 1839. Gerald J. J. Tulchinsky, The River Barons: Montreal Businessmen and the growth of industry and transportation, 1837-53 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977), p. 45.
13. William C. Church, The Life of John Ericsson (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1911), p. 107. Later, Ericsson was involved with the Monitor of Civil War fame and the Caloric engine. Bush, Commercial Navigation, pp. 12-13.
17. Montreal Gazette, 20 May 1841 (quoting British Whig), 12 June, 14 June 1841. Kingston Herald, 15 June 1841 (quoting Brockville Recorder). British Colonist (Toronto), 23 June 1841 (quoting Morning Courier).
20. When the Governor-General issued the proclamation reuniting the Upper and Lower Canada he signed his name "His Excellency the Right Honourable Charles, Baron Sydenham, of Sydenham, in the County of Kent, and of Toronto in Canada, Governor-General of British North America, and Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief, in and over the Provinces of Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Island of Prince Edward, and Vice-Admiral of the same."
23. List of Canadian Patents From the Beginning of the Patent Office, June 1824 to the 31st of August, 1872 (Ottawa: Maclean, Roger & Co., 1882) p. 5. It is noteworthy that some evidence links Walkers' inspiratin to Erisson but the patent refers to F. P. Smith, Ericsson's chief English rival.
35. Chronicle & Gazette, 16 April 1842. Montreal Gazette, 4 May 1842. Wm. H. Smith, Smith's Canadian Gazettter comprising Statistical and General Information respecting all Parts of the Upper Province, or Canada West... (Toronto: H. & W. Rowsell, 1846; fac. ed. Coles, 1970), p. 129. Mills, Steam Vessels, supp. 2.
We would like to thank David Trotter of Underwater Research Associates for the photographs of the wreck of the propeller GOLIATH. GOLIATH was an excellent example of the first generation of Great Lakes ships equipped with John Ericsson's propeller, launched in 1846 and lost in an explosion in 1848.
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